The Blasphemy Law Debate

By Yasser Latif Hamdani

This has been repeated many times – notably by A G Noorani the lawyer and journalist par excellence from India- that when a blasphemy law, to punish those elements who passed remarks to insult religions or prophets, was being introduced in the British India Central Legislature,  Jinnah sounded the following advice on 5th September 1927:

“I thoroughly endorse the principle that while this measure should aim at those undesirable persons who indulge in wanton vilification or attack upon the religion of any particular class or upon the founders and prophets of a religion, we must also secure this very important and fundamental principle that those who are engaged in historical works, those who are engaged in the ascertainment of truth and those who are engaged in bona fide and honest criticisms of a religion shall be protected.”

The law at the time prescribed only a fine and two years rigorous punishment.   Then British India was partitioned into two states India and Pakistan.   Ironically Pakistan, which holds up the same Jinnah as its founding father,  ignored this fine advice and went on to make the blasphemy law even more draconian and more oppressive.  Now we have the dubious distinction of being probably the only country where the crime of spoken word is punishable by death.  For this there isn’t even a provision in Islamic Law – atleast that which is reached at by the application of the established principles of law making in Islam.  Yet we continue to impose it in Islam’s name, thereby giving both Islam and Pakistan a bad name.

The events in Sambrial recently underscore how these Blasphemy Laws are used to grind a personal axe.   One version of the events that took place there are that a young Christian man Robert Masih was in a relationship with a Muslim girl.   The family of the Muslim girl – enraged and outraged by the audacity of the “choora” – threw a siparah of the Holy Quran into a nullah and accused Robert Masih of having done it.    Later Robert Masih was done away with in jail over the same dispute.   So unbelievable and contradictory are the claims of the Islamists apologizing for the actions of those involved that one wonders  if they think they can fool the world. 

It is therefore quite clear that what is purported to be some sort of a defence against blasphemy has become a vehicle of oppression and persecution of minorities in Pakistan.  These laws are the most draconian in the world and have no justification even in Islamic jurisprudence.   It is time-  as one Pakistani MNA said- to repeal them for they have done more harm to Pakistan, Islam and humanity then good.   Indeed they haven’t done any good but have only reinforced negative stereotypes about Islam.



Filed under Activism, Islam, minorities, Pakistan

5 responses to “The Blasphemy Law Debate

  1. Junaid

    The approach should be to take the islamists and other radical parties into confidence and assure them that we are not interested in protecting those who abuse and insult the prophet.

    We are only interested in protecting who are abused in the name of abuse.

    The whole problem has been created because there are two groups in the society. Both of them suspicious of each other. Both of them indulging in name calling. Both of them think that the other group is on the wrong side. Both of them think that they are protecting the ideological frontiers of the country. Both of them think that the other group is leading the country to disaster.

    If this suspicious can be removed, if this mistrust that exists can be removed, the problem can be solved. I guess this is the same problem with India Pakistan relations as well.

  2. Yasser
    Many thanks for this post. This is a true gem and should be an eye-opener for all of us. Our state needs to realise how far we have gone from jinnah’s ideals and vision.
    Small wonder that we are in a royal mess!!!

  3. AZ

    While I think the post above is poignant, I cannot help but think we should expand the debate.

    I would be indebted to you if you could post some more stuff about the blasphemy laws.

  4. Pingback: Pakistani blasphemy laws should be repealed | Jahane Rumi

  5. yasserlatifhamdani


    So then you feel that all criticism must be banned? Or are you arguing the opposite.

    An academic criticism can never conclude scientifically that a personage A, B or C was evil or a liar. That is just not scientifically possible.

    Also PTH moderators given the current scenario it is better to delete the comment primarily because right now the law prohibits such remarks which may be construed as offensive under law. No offence Ekra2- as much as I condone the right of free speech we are also bound by laws as they currently exist as we on PTH don’t believe in civil or cyber disobedience.